The Viennese Creeks

The map below shows an overview of creeks and former creeks in Vienna. Present creeks are plotted in blue, former courses of creeks in black (situation: 2014). You get the name and partly also the assumed run-off for a 100-yearly flood (HQ 100) per mouse click on the creek (source of the flood-information: plates near the creeks (MA 45)).

The courses of the present creeks largely rest on the satellite image available on Google Maps, former surface watercourses are based on old maps (Josephinische Landesaufnahme 1763 - 1785, Franzisco-Josephinische Landesaufnahme 1869 - 1887, map of the K. K. Polizey-Bezirk Rossau approx. 1830 from Carl Graf Vasquez-Pinas) as well as still existing valleys of the creeks. Some street names point to former courses of the creeks, too.

At this point one has to say that the exact course of the creeks changed several times in history and there are differences between the former surface course and the present underground course of the creeks.

In contrast to the area of the Viennese Woods most creeks in the Viennese urban area are placed underground nowadays - together with wastewater. These creeks are visible on the surface only when the sewage system is overstrained by heavy rain.

The rivers "Wien" and "Liesing" naturally showed a winding course with a significantly broader river bed at most places (not shown in this map).

More details about Viennese water bodies

Informations and photos about the creek "Ameisbach" - buergmann.net (in German), which is nowadays only visible at the so called "Steinhofgründe" (usually dry creek bed) and in case of increased run off at the overflow into the river "Wienfluss".

The "Mariabrunner Mühlbach" - buergmann.net - beautiful photographic documentation of the former course of this millstream (in German)

Short description (list) of the Viennese Creeks

meaning of used colours and style:

green: open course mainly

ochre: partly open, partly underground

brown: mainly underground or not existent anymore

bold: important creek or riveritalic: creek with minor importance

Creeks in the north and northwest of Vienna

In the north of Vienna on the hillsides of the hill "Bisamberg" one finds the so-called "Klausgraben" as well as the "Senderstrassengraben"*.

The slopes of the Viennese Woods between the hills "Leopoldsberg" and "Cobenzl" are drained by the creeks "Waldbach", "Schablerbach", "Hammerschmiedgraben", "Hackhofergerinne", "Schreiberbach" and "Nesselbach" (creeks listet in direction from north to south). The "Nesselbach" is preserved as an open creek in the upper course only (sometimes it is termed "Steinberger Bach" in this section, too). Its most important tributary is the "Reisenbergbach".

The slopes of the Viennese Woods between the hills Cobenzl and Michaeler Berg are drained by "Erbsenbach" and "Krottenbach". The creek Erbsenbach results from the unification of the ditches "Kohlenbrennergraben" and "Haidgraben". Tributaries in the upper course are - amongst others - "Spiessbach" and "Gspöttgraben". From the village "Obersievering" downstream the "Erbsenbach" is channelled underground (sometimes it is termed "Sieveringer Bach" in this section). Its tributary Krottenbach is channeled completely underground. The "Döblinger Bach" has been displaced from the surface, too (this small ditch was located in the area between the localities "Oberdöbling" and "Friedensbrücke").

The catchment area of "Alsbach"

The "Alsbach" results from the unification of the creeks "Eckbach" and "Dornbach" nearby the site "Marswiese" in the village "Neuwaldegg". Today there is a retention reservoir at this place. The "Eckbach" (tributary: "Jägerbach") is sometimes also termed "Parkbach", the "Dornbach"  (tributaries: "Schöppergraben" and "Erlenbach") sometimes also termed "Alsbach".

From "Neuwaldegg" downstream the "Alsbach" is channeled underground nowadays. Tributaries in this section are "Kräuterbach" (tributary: "Geroldbach"), "Luchtengraben", "Anderbach" (tributaries: "Dornbach" and "Pointenbach") and "Währinger Bach". The "Währinger Bach" is preserved as an open ditch in the castle park of the village "Pötzleinsdorf" only (in this section it is also termed "Pötzleinsdorfer Bach"). Tributaries to the "Währinger Bach" are/were "Dürwaringgraben" and "Schönbrunner Graben".

The catchment area of river "Wien"

The river "Wien" has its origin in the unification of the creeks "Kalte Wien" (often also called "Pfalzauer Bach") and "Dürre Wien" in the town "Pressbaum" (Lower Austria). Depending on the preceding situation the creek "Kalte Wien" or the creek "Dürre Wien" can have more run-off, but in most cases the "Kalte Wien" leads more water than the "Dürre Wien". The river "Wien" reaches Viennese administrative area just west of the locality "Weidlingau". The first tributary with catchment area partly in Vienna is the ditch "Mooswiesengraben" (there is another creek with the same name south of "Weidlingau"). In "Weidlingau" you find the creek "Wurzbach", in the area of the retention reservoirs close to the locality "Auhof" discharge the creeks "Rotwasser" (tributary: "Glasgraben"), "Grünauer Bach" (tributary: "Schallautzer Graben") and "Hirschenbach". These creeks have their origin in the area of the nature conservation area "Lainzer Tiergarten".

The most important tributaries to the river "Wien" are the creeks "Gablitzbach" in "Purkersdorf" (Lower Austria) and the "Mauerbach", which has its springs north of the village "Mauerbach" in Lower Austria, but its estuary in Vienna in the area of the retention reservoirs near Auhof. Tributaries to the "Mauerbach" in Vienna are the creeks "Steinbach", "Hannbaumbach", "Hainbach", "Kasgraben" and "Kolbeterberggraben".

The last tributary discharging into the river "Wien" above ground is the creek "Halter Bach" (tributary: "Moosgraben" (sometimes termed "Wolfsgraben")). "Rosenbach", "Marienbach" (tributary: "Veitlissengraben"), "Ameisbach" (only short segment in the so called "Steinhofgründe" preserved as open ditch) and "Lainzer Bach" usually discharge into the collector channels paralleled the riverbed of river "Wien" (overflow into river "Wien" in case of increased run off). The "Lainzer Bach" is a result of the unification of the ditches "Vösendorfer Graben" and "Inzersdorfer Graben" at the pond "Hohenauer Teich" in the conservation area "Lainzer Tiergarten". Tributaries to the "Lainzer Bach" are "Katzengraben" and "Lackenbach" (tributary: "Wlassakgraben")). The "Ottakringer Bach", which is almost completely underground nowadays, discharges  into the collector channels parallel to the "Wien" (naturally discharged in northwest direction).

The catchment area of the creek "Liesing"

The river "Liesing" reaches Viennese administrative area as "Reiche Liesing" between the localities "Breitenfurt" and "Kalksburg", where the "Grenzgraben"* discharges into "Reiche Liesing". The name "Liesing" is only common downstream the estuary of the creek "Dürre Liesing" (sometimes this creek is also termed "Kaltenleutgebener Bach") in the locality "Rodaun". Further tributaries in the catchment area of the "Liesing" are/were "Gütenbach" (has its springs in the conservation area "Lainzer Tiergarten"; tributary: "Kaisergraben"*), "Kalksburger Graben", "Knotzenbach" (tributaries: "Lindgrabenbach", "Asenbauergraben), "Atzgersdorfer Graben", and "Blumenthalbach"

Further rivers, creeks and channels

The most important stream of Vienna is the river Danube (German: Donau). The New Danube, which is separated from the Danube by the island "Donauinsel", usually is a standing water and it is a stream in case of a flood only. Furthermore in Vienna one finds the channel "Donaukanal". The channel "Wiener Neustädter Kanal" is only existent in administrative area of Lower Austria upstream the small river "Mödling" nowadays (in Vienna this channel is not existent anymore). The water body "Seeschlacht" and the millstreams "Hackinger Mühlbach" and "Mariabrunner Mühlbach have disappeared long time ago.

* name according to "Stadtplan Wien"

http://www.wien.gv.at/stadtplan/

last update of this site: 2017