The Viennese Creeks

The map below shows an overview of creeks and former creeks in Vienna. Present creeks are plotted in blue, former courses of creeks in black (situation: 2018). You get the name and partly also the assumed run-off for a 100-yearly flood (HQ 100) per mouse click on the creek (source of the flood-information: plates near the creeks (MA 45)).

The courses of the present creeks largely rest on the satellite image available on Google Maps, former surface water­courses are based on old maps (Jo­se­phi­nische Lan­des­auf­nah­me 1763 - 1785, Fran­zisco-Jo­se­phi­nische Lan­des­auf­nah­me 1869 - 1887, map of the K. K. Polizey-Bezirk Rossau approx. 1830 from Carl Graf Vasquez-Pinas) as well as still existing valleys of the creeks. Some street names point to former courses of the creeks, too.

 

At this point one has to say that the exact course of the creeks changed several times in history and there are differences between the former surface course and the present under­ground course of the creeks.

 

In contrast to the area of the Vien­nese Woods most creeks in the Vien­nese urban area are placed under­ground nowadays - together with waste­water. These creeks are visible on the surface only when the sewage system is over­strained by heavy rain.

 

The rivers "Wien" and "Liesing" naturally showed a winding course with a signi­ficantly broader river bed at most places (not shown in this map).

Short description (list) of the Viennese Creeks

meaning of used colours and style:

 

green: open course mainly

ochre: partly open, partly underground

brown: mainly underground or not existent anymore

bold: important creek or riveritalic: creek with minor importance

Creeks in the north and northwest of Vienna

In the north of Vienna on the hillsides of the hill "Bisamberg" one finds the so-called "Klausgraben" as well as the "Sender­strassen­graben"*.

The slopes of the Viennese Woods between the hills "Leopolds­berg" and "Cobenzl" are drained by the creeks "Waldbach", "Schablerbach", "Hammer­schmied­graben", "Hack­hofer­gerinne", "Schrei­ber­bach" and "Nesselbach" (creeks listet in direction from north to south). The "Nesselbach" is preserved as an open creek in the upper course only (some­times it is termed "Stein­berger Bach" in this section, too). Its most important tributary is the "Reisen­berg­bach".

The slopes of the Vien­nese Woods between the hills "Cobenzl" and "Michaeler Berg" are drained by "Erbsenbach" and "Krotten­bach". The creek Erbsenbach results from the unification of the ditches "Kohlen­brenner­graben" and "Haidgraben". Tri­bu­taries in the upper course are - amongst others - "Spiessbach" and "Gspöttgraben". From the village "Ober­sievering" downstream the "Erbsenbach" is channelled under­ground (sometimes it is termed "Sie­veringer Bach" in this section). Its tri­bu­tary Krotten­bach is channeled com­ple­tely under­ground. The "Döb­linger Bach" has been dis­placed from the surface, too (this small ditch was located in the area between the localities "Ober­döbling" and "Friedens­brücke").

The catchment area of "Alsbach"

The "Alsbach" results from the uni­fi­cation of the creeks "Eckbach" and "Dorn­bach" nearby the site "Mars­wiese" in the village "Neu­wald­egg". Today there is a retention reservoir at this place. The "Eckbach" (tributary: "Jäger­bach") is some­times also termed "Parkbach", the "Dornbach"  (tributaries: "Schöp­per­graben" and "Erlenbach") some­times also termed "Alsbach".

 

From "Neu­wald­egg" downstream the "Alsbach" is channeled under­ground nowa­days. Tri­bu­taries in this section are "Kräuter­bach" (tributary: "Geroldbach"), "Luch­ten­graben", "Anderbach" (tri­bu­taries: "Dorn­bach" and "Pointen­bach") and "Währinger Bach". The "Währinger Bach" is preserved as an open ditch in the castle park of the village "Pötz­leins­dorf" only (in this section it is also termed "Pötz­leins­dorfer Bach"). Tri­bu­taries to the "Währinger Bach" are/were "Dür­waring­graben" and "Schön­brunner Graben".

The catchment area of river "Wien"

The river "Wien" has its origin in the uni­fi­cation of the creeks "Kalte Wien" (often also called "Pfalzauer Bach") and "Dürre Wien" in the town "Pressbaum" (Lower Austria). De­pending on the preceding situation the creek "Kalte Wien" or the creek "Dürre Wien" can have more run-off, but in most cases the "Kalte Wien" leads more water than the "Dürre Wien". The river "Wien" reaches Viennese ad­mini­strative area just west of the locality "Weidlingau". The first tributary with catchment area partly in Vienna is the ditch "Moos­wiesen­graben" (there is another creek with the same name south of "Weidlingau"). In "Weidlingau" you find the creek "Wurzbach", in the area of the retention reservoirs close to the locality "Auhof" discharge the creeks "Rot­wasser" (tri­bu­tary: "Glasgraben"), "Grü­nauer Bach" (tributary: "Schal­lautzer Graben") and "Hirschen­bach". These creeks have their origin in the area of the nature con­ser­vation area "Lainzer Tiergarten".

 

The most important tributaries to the river "Wien" are the creeks "Gablitz­bach" in "Pur­kers­dorf" (Lower Austria) and the "Mauer­bach", which has its springs north of the village "Mauer­bach" in Lower Austria, but its estuary in Vienna in the area of the retention re­ser­voirs near Auhof. Tributaries to the "Mauer­bach" in Vienna are the creeks "Steinbach", "Hann­baum­bach", "Hain­bach", "Kasgraben" and "Kol­beter­berg­graben".

 

The last tributary dis­charging into the river "Wien" above ground is the creek "Halter Bach" (tributary: "Moos­graben" (sometimes termed "Wolfs­graben")). "Rosenbach", "Marienbach" (tri­bu­tary: "Veit­lissen­graben"), "Ameisbach" (only short segment in the so called "Stein­hof­gründe" preserved as open ditch) and "Lainzer Bach" usually discharge into the collector channels paralleled the riverbed of river "Wien" (overflow into river "Wien" in case of in­creased run off). The "Lainzer Bach" is a result of the uni­fi­cation of the ditches "Vösen­dorfer Graben" and "In­zers­dorfer Graben" at the pond "Ho­he­nauer Teich" in the conservation area "Lainzer Tier­garten". Tri­bu­taries to the "Lainzer Bach" are "Katzen­graben" and "Lacken­bach" (tri­bu­tary: "Wlassak­graben")). The "Otta­kringer Bach", which is almost completely under­ground nowadays, dis­charges into the collector channels parallel to the "Wien" (naturally dis­charged in northwest direction).

 

The catchment area of the creek "Liesing"

The river "Liesing" reaches Vien­nese ad­mini­strative area as "Reiche Liesing" between the localities "Breiten­furt" and "Kalksburg", where the "Grenzgraben"* discharges into "Reiche Liesing". The name "Liesing" is only common down­stream the estuary of the creek "Dürre Liesing" (some­times this creek is also termed "Kalten­leut­gebener Bach") in the locality "Rodaun". Further tri­bu­taries in the catch­ment area of the "Liesing" are / were "Güten­bach" (has its springs in the con­ser­vation area "Lainzer Tiergarten"; tri­bu­tary: "Kaiser­graben"*), "Kalks­burger Graben", "Knotzen­bach" (tri­bu­taries: "Lind­graben­bach", "Asen­bauer­graben), "Atz­gers­dorfer Graben", and "Blumen­thal­bach"

Rivers and canals

The most important stream of Vienna is the river Danube (German: Donau). The New Danube, which is separated from the Danube by the island "Donauinsel", usually is a standing water and it is a stream in case of a flood only. Furthermore in Vienna one finds the channel "Donaukanal". The channel "Wiener Neustädter Kanal" is only existent in administrative area of Lower Austria upstream the small river "Mödling" nowadays (in Vienna this channel is not existent anymore). The water body "Seeschlacht" and the millstreams "Hackinger Mühlbach" and "Mariabrunner Mühlbach have dis­appeared long time ago.

* name according to "Stadtplan Wien"

http://www.wien.gv.at/stadtplan/

More details about Viennese water bodies

In­for­ma­tions and photos about the creek "Ameisbach" - buergmann.net (in Ger­man), which is nowa­days only visible at the so called "Steinvhof­gründe" (usually dry creek bed) and in case of in­creased run off at the over­flow into the river "Wien­fluss".

 

The "Maria­brun­ner Mühlbach" - buerg­mann.net - beautiful photo­graphic do­cu­men­tation of the former course of this mill­stream (in German)

Jimdo

last update of this site: march 2018